Last edited by Shall
Wednesday, November 25, 2020 | History

2 edition of Optically based biological and chemical detection for defence V found in the catalog.

Optically based biological and chemical detection for defence V

John C. Carrano

Optically based biological and chemical detection for defence V

1 September 2009, Berlin, Germany

by John C. Carrano

  • 54 Want to read
  • 29 Currently reading

Published by SPIE in Bellingham, Wash .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Remote sensing,
  • Biosensors,
  • Optical materials,
  • Military research,
  • Congresses,
  • Optical detectors,
  • Defense industries,
  • Chemical detectors

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references and author index.

    StatementJohn C. Carrano, Charles J. Collins, editors ; sponsored by SPIE Europe ; cooperating organisations, SPIE, Elecgtro-Magnetic Remote Sensing Defence Technology Centre (United Kingdom) [and] OPTHER. Published by SPIE
    SeriesProceedings of SPIE -- v. 7484, Proceedings of SPIE--the International Society for Optical Engineering -- v. 7484.
    ContributionsSPIE (Society), SPIE Europe, Great Britain. Ministry of Defence. Electro-Magnetic Remote Sensing Defence Technology Centre, OPTHER
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQC374 .O727 2009
    The Physical Object
    Pagination1 v. (various pagings) :
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL24823942M
    ISBN 100819477907
    ISBN 109780819477903
    LC Control Number2011286401
    OCLC/WorldCa475493641

    J.B. Baxter, “ZnO Nanowire-Based Solar Cells,” invited book chapter in Wide Band Gap Semiconductor Nanowires for Optical Devices: The Particular Case of GaN and ZnO, Vincent Consonni and Guy Feuillet, ed., iSTE Wiley Hermes Science Publishing (). Detection devices are requisite for determining the presence and type of known chemical or biological agents. Technology Employing ideas from detector arrays and imaging devices, the invention is an optical device for determining the presence of chemical and biological agents in the environment. an overview of U.S. Army weapons systems. U.S. Army Weapons System Handbook The U.S. Army Weapons System Handbook provides an official overview of both new weapons systems which will equip the Army of the near-term future and those systems already in the force. Chemical Biological Defense Program Overview Chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) threats are dynamic and ever-changing. The rapid advancement and global proliferation of chemical and biological (CB) capabilities greatly extends the spectrum of plausible actors, agents, concepts of use, and targets.

    Convention of the Biological Diversity: CBD: Culture Brain and Development: CBD: Committee on Biological Diversity: CBD: Centre and Branch Directors: CBD: Connected Book Directory: CBD: Commission on Bar Discipline: CBD: Convention on Biological Diveristy: CBD: Chemical and Biological Defence: CBD: Controle Bureau Dierlijke: CBD: Conference on.


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Optically based biological and chemical detection for defence V by John C. Carrano Download PDF EPUB FB2

Optically Based Biological and Chemical Sensing for Defence. Editor(s): John C. Carrano; Extremely sensitive CWA analyzer based on a novel optical pressure sensor in photoacoustic gas analysis Novel fluorescence-based integrated sensor for chemical and biological agent detection.

Get this from a library. Optically based biological and chemical detection for defence V: 1 SeptemberBerlin, Germany. [John C Carrano; Charles J Collins; SPIE (Society); SPIE Europe.; Great Britain. Ministry of Defence. Electro-Magnetic Remote Sensing Defence Technology Centre.; OPTHER.;].

adshelp[at] The ADS is operated by the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory under NASA Cooperative Agreement NNX16AC86ACited by: 3. Optically Based Biological and Chemical Detection for Defence III Editor(s): John C.

Carrano ; Arturas Zukauskas *This item is only available on the SPIE Digital Library. Optically Based Biological and Chemical Detection for Defence V September Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering J.

Carrano. Optically Based Materials and Optically Based Biological and Chemical Sensing for Defence II. Editor(s): Anthony W. Vere; Fibre optic implementation of evanescent wave cavity ring-down spectroscopy for chemical detection Author(s).

Get this from a library. Optically based biological and chemical detection for defence III: SeptemberStockholm, Sweden. [John C Carrano; Artūras Žukauskas; SPIE Europe.; Defence IQ (Organization); Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers.;]. CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS Papers Presentations Journals.

Advanced Photonics Journal of Applied Remote Sensing. Modeling and prototyping of polymer fiber-based chemical and biological agent sensors Application of ferrocene-based polymers in optical fiber gas sensing Author(s): Mohd Refaei; Loren I.

Espada; Mehdi Shadaram Chemical vapor detection using microfabricated flexural plate. 3. Monitoring Biological and Chemical Threats Agents.

Many researchers, including chemists, biologists, physicists, engineers, and medical doctors, have used the sensor platforms as an original application in different areas for the development of sensors [61,62,63,64,65].Today, the early detection of a biological and chemical attack of the threats can only be analyzed with commercial.

The main analytical characteristics of optical chemical sensors for detecting the vapors and microparticles of explosives and associated substances are compared. The limits of detection, sensitivity, sensor setting time (response speed) and recovery time after the action of an analyte, and the selectivity of fluorescence sensors, chemiluminescence sensors, surface-enhanced Raman sensors.

Biological sensors based on the graphene optical adsorption property can take advantage of the light intensity signal demodulation, which greatly simplifies the experimental equipment. The existing sensors based on the graphene optical adsorption property is less and need to be further researched.

The danger posed by biological threat agents and the limitations of modern detection methods to rapidly identify them underpins the need for continued development of novel sensors. The application of nanomaterials to this problem in recent years has proven especially advantageous.

Figureas extracted from a NATO report (ISBN ), graphically depicts the various means for bio-cloud surveillance at distance from both fixed and mobile platforms. 8 Depending on mission requirements, Bio-Lidar can be used in one of two modes: static or mobile.

In static mode, the sensor lies within a fixed emplacement for repetitive use without changing operating. Biological Identification provides a detailed review of, and potential future developments in, the technologies available to counter the threats to life and health posed by natural pathogens, toxins, and bioterrorism agents.

Biological identification systems must be fast, accurate, reliable, and easy to use. In this work, the different detection systems suitable in the CBRN context for biological agents will be analyzed, focusing on non-specific and specific point-detection systems, and stand-off.

The detection range of TiO2 based biosensor for Bovine leucosis antibodies was in the range of 2–10 mkg/ml. The detection range of ZnO based biosensor for Salmonella antigens was – cells/ml.

Department of Defense Fiscal Year (FY) Budget Estimates February Chemical and Biological Defense Program Defense-Wide Justification Book Volume 4 of 5 Research, Development, Test & Evaluation, Defense-Wide. The book presents new methods for the detection of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) agents using chemical and biochemical sensors.

Identification, protection and decontamination are the main scientific and technological responses for the modern challenges of CBRN agents. Planar semiconductors can serve as the basis for chemical and biological sensors in which detection can be monitored electrically and/or optically ().For example, a planar field effect transistor (FET) can be configured as a sensor by modifying the gate oxide (without gate electrode) with molecular receptors or a selective membrane for the analyte of interest; binding of a charged species.

[Show full abstract] biological warfare agents; passive detection methods for remote detection of chemical warfare agents; and lidar-based system performance assessments, demonstrations, and new. Defense against the threats is based on the early monitoring of the biological and chemical agents, the separation of infected individuals, and the assessment of the contaminated area.

Therefore, fast, sensitive, and portable platforms are required for the real-time detection of these threats. Early warning of biological aerosols is essential to establish a timely response based on infrared (IR) laser elastic backscatter, ultraviolet (UV) laser induced fluorescence (LIF), as well as light detection and ranging (LIDAR) technologies to remotely map the clouds, distinguish biological aerosols from non-biological ones, and preliminarily.

There have been significant advances in optics and photonics for national defense both in components and in systems since the publication of Harnessing Light in 4 Some of the key areas include surveillance, night vision, laser systems, fiber-optics systems, chemical and biological detection, and optical processing.

One example of a. Chemical and biological warfare: a comprehensive survey for the concerned citizen. New York, Springer-Verlag, c p. Includes bibliographical references. UGC Taylor, Eric R.

Lethal mists: an introduction to the natural and military sciences of chemical, biological. Request PDF | Nanotechnology-Enabled Management of Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Threats | Chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) weapons, also known as.

This book presents research into chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) defense and environmental security, exploring practical implications of the research. Contributions from a diverse group of international civilian researchers present the latest work on nanotechnology problems in.

4 structure. The large surface area of graphene reaches 2, m2 g-1, while the electron mobility is as high as 10,–50, cm2 V-1 s-1 at room temperature and the intrinsic mobility limit exceedscm2 V-1 s-1 and is less influenced by temperature changes.

The electrical conductivity of gra-phene could be up to mS cmThe high surface area of graphene can be exploited for building. Description; Chapters; Supplementary; This book provides unique perspectives on both state-of-the-art hyperspectral techniques for the early-warning monitoring of water supplies against chemical, biological and radiological (CBR) contamination effects as well as the emerging spectroscopic science and technology base that will be used to support an array of CBR defense and security applications.

The main focus is on biological threats, especially in the context of synthetic biology and its emerging findings that can be observed as possible threat and tool.

The book examines microorganisms and their possible use in forensics, i.e. as possible detection tool that could enable fast and precise detection. The urgency in developing CB sensors in order to help mitigate this threat is critical.

Presently, several optical detection concepts are being explored using lasers, optical fibers, and linear waveguided structures. A review of the various techniques has been provided by Boisdé et al.

1 Each has a niche market for a specific application. Most. Yan F, Vo-Dinh T. () Surface-enhanced Raman scattering detection of chemical and biological agents using a portable Raman integrated tunable sensor.

Sens. Actuators B Chem. 61– CrossRef Google Scholar. Journal of Optical Microsystems Journal of Photonics for Energy Neurophotonics Optical Engineering Ebooks Advanced Search > Home > BrowseVolume.

Browse Proceedings. Browse our growing collection of more thanconference proceedings papers. RECENT SPIE CONFERENCES. First responders often use infrared (IR) or Raman-based optical sensors, which are very useful for chemical detection and which can provide limited classification for some biological materials, but not true identification.

(b) I briefly described the public-health laboratory methods above in my response to the first question. Thus, function-based detectors are less specific or selective but have the potential for detecting the presence of unknown chemical and biological agents.

Initially, research in this area focused on chemical toxicants; it is only recently that function-based techniques have been applied to the detection of biological warfare agents. Page 6 Detection and Measurement of Biological Agents. The previous chapter was devoted to an analysis of what the committee feels is the most probable course of events in a terrorist attack involving a biological agent—a covert attack that, after a period of hours to weeks, will result in victims widely distributed in time and location.

20 Raman Spectroscopic Detection of Chemical, Biological, and Explosive Agents1 Russ Zajtchuk, M.D., Professor Emeritus, Rush University Medical Center, and Gary R. Gilbert, Ph.D., Georgetown University Imaging Science and Information Systems Center, Temporarily Assigned to U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command (USAMRMC) Telemedicine.

Rapid identification of the chemical or biological agents involved in any hazardous material (Hazmat) incident is vital to the protection of first responders and emergency medical personnel at local medical facilities as well as to the effective treatment of casualties.

This chapter of the report deals with devices for detecting and identifying chemical agents and is followed by two chapters. Upconverting phosphor-based sensors for biological agent detection. Presentation at the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Meeting on Bio-surveillance: Providing Detection in the New Millenium.

Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory, Laurel, MD, February A linear relationbetween optical power versus vapor concentration was obtained, with a detection limit of 1ppm (v/v). Full article (This article belongs to the Special Issue Photonic Sensors for Chemical, Biological, and Nuclear Agent Detection).

Gaudio P. () Laser Based Standoff Techniques: A Review on Old and New Perspective for Chemical Detection and Identification. In: Martellini M., Malizia A.

(eds) Cyber and Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, Explosives Challenges.Field Effect Transistor-Based Hydrogen A new-generation hydrogen sensor that is smaller, faster, sturdier, and less expensive to manufacture has been developed at Sandia National Laboratories.

Early versions of this practical, reliable device for detecting hydrogen already have completed the design, fabrication, and test stages and are now in.Optical chemical sensors have been the focus of much research attention in recent years because of their importance in industrial, environmental and biomedical applications [1].

This class of sensors combines chemical and biological recognition with advances in optoelectronic technologies.